All the narcissism the Bharat has been bragging thereon has mostly been Indian Muslims heritage. Right from their legendary drummer, namely, Allah Rakha Khan to the architect of her missile program, Abdul Kalam Khan, including the overwhelming number of the most celebrated Poets, Writers, Historians, Geographers, Architectures, sport stars, film Stars, Musicians, Singers have been Muslim. Similarly all their world fame fascinating architectural monuments have been brought about by Indian Muslims. So much so that Hindus do not have the name for their own country - they have swindled us of our name Ã¢â‚¬Å“IndiaÃ¢â‚¬Â - which had been ours exclusively.
Indian Muslims on either side of the border have never been Ã¢â‚¬ËœPakistanisÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ and Hindus on either side of the border have never been Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndiansÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - We have been Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndian MuslimsÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ throughout and they have been Ã¢â‚¬ËœBharati HindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ throughout. Similarly Indian Muslims have never ever named their homeland as Pakistan during their 1000-year rule - and Ã¢â‚¬ËœBharati HindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ have never ever named their homeland as India, before the Muslims rule.
During the entire Muslims Era, we the Indian Muslims had always named our country as Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindustanÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ as a nickname, in the local languages and Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ in the western languages, before the great divide. Similarly Bharati-Hindus have always named their country as Bharat even after the partition, in Hindi language - and still today their official name in their constitution is Bharat. Bharat has never ever been Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - and Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ has never ever been Ã¢â‚¬ËœBharatÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ before the partition.
The name Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ therefore has nothing to do with Ã¢â‚¬ËœBharat,Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ Ã¢â‚¬ËœHinduismÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindus.Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ Bharati-Hindus have, like so many other symbols of our highly prestigious heritage and of our great pride, plagiarized, stealthily and slyly - and have been committing the most serious and grievous misnomer in regard of her name. Ã¢â‚¬ËœBharati HindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ always keep their real face, trick and task cloaked, for their Ã¢â‚¬ËœrealitiesÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ look much ominous and injurious. So simply for this reasons they have displayed, our owned name, Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - and have sent their real name, Ã¢â‚¬ËœBharatÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ in the background, for they know that they can neither throw away their real name Ã¢â‚¬ËœBharatÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ nor they can escape there from so openly - hence by applying their traditional duplicity, they resorted to display the stolen name Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ on the forefront and kept their real name Ã¢â‚¬ËœBharatÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ dormant, hidden and behind. Their real name has been Bharat throughout - even in the period far before than Ashoka the Great, which falls far before the Christ - while a well known Rajah namely, Rajah Bharata (or Rajah Bherath), according to Ã¢â‚¬Å“PuranasÃ¢â‚¬Â had united some seven regions (or continents) in the north of the now Bharat and was reigning thereupon with great pomp and show. The name of that very regions (or continents), much less than the now Bharat (being somewhat peninsular) was Ã¢â‚¬ËœJambu DvipaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - and hence after the death of the aforementioned Rajah Bharata (or Rajah Bharat), the Hindus used to call the land as Ã¢â‚¬ËœBharth VarshÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or Bharatavarsha (i.e. land of the Bharata). In this way the present name of Ã¢â‚¬ËœBharatÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ is the corruption of Ã¢â‚¬ËœBharataÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ (or Bherath).
I quote the exact words of the famous researcher, Sri Swami Sivananda from his book Ã¢â‚¬ËœAll about HinduismÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ as below:
Ã¢â‚¬Å“The classical name for India which is used in Sanskrit literature is Bharata -Varsha or Bharata-Khanda, after the name of Bharata who ruled over a large extent of territory in days of yore. Manus name for the whole central region between the Himalayas and the Vindhya mountains is Aryavarta, Abode of the Aryans. Another name for the whole of India is Jambu-Dvipa. The Greeks gave the name Indu to the whole of this country. It was on account of this India became popular as the name of this country throughout EuropeÃ¢â‚¬Â.
Renowned Professor C.R. Mishra notes in his valuable research work; Ã¢â‚¬ËœComprehensive History and Culture of Orissa` that Bharata did not originally denote India: "Bharatavarsha, here is used in a general sense denoting the regions of northern India " (P: 121). Elaborating this, he states that Bharata is mentioned for the first time in the Hatigumpha inscription and that it denoted only a part of North India - " In the epigraphic records of ancient India, the name `Bharatavarsha` is mentioned for the first time in the Hatigumpha inscription. But the name denoted North India at that time." (C.R. Mishra, `Kharavela and His Times`, P: 130, N: 79).
And it is for this reason that their ultra religious and orthodox political pundits have named their most rabid pack as Ã¢â‚¬ËœBharatya Janata PartyÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ (BJP) - the name of one of their religious book is also Ã¢â‚¬Å“MahabharataÃ¢â‚¬Â a long poem narrating the long fight between Kurus and Pandus, the two clans of Bharata family. And Hindus have also been calling their country as Ã¢â‚¬ËœBharat MataÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ (i.e. Mother Bharat). And now they have named their first ever so called spaceship as Ã¢â‚¬Å“BharateenaÃ¢â‚¬Â.
The Muslims have ruled exclusively, the whole Indian sub continent for round about 1000 years - if the name Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ had any link with Ã¢â‚¬ËœHinduismÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or Hindus, the Muslim powerful rulers, particularly the emperor Aurang Zeb Alamgeer would have consigned it to the dustbin of the history. They have grabbed our exclusively owned entity and property, the name Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - as they have grabbed Junagadh, Hyderabad Deccan, Siachin, Kargil and Kashmir. How they did it, I borrow the quotation from the famous book, Ã¢â‚¬ËœFreedom at MidnightÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ of the two renowned co-authors, Mr. Larry Collins & Mr. Dominique Lapierre:
"AT THE OUTSET CONGRESS CLAIMED THE MOST PRECIOUS ASSET OF ALL, THE NAME "INDIA". REJECTING PROPOSAL TO NAME THEIR NEW DOMINION "HINDUSTAN", CONGRESS INSISTED THAT SINCE PAKISTAN WAS SECEDING, THE NAME INDIA AND INDIA`S IDENTITY IN GROUPS LIKE U.N. REMAIN THEIRS".
Now let us trace the base of the name Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢. There is no denying the fact that the Greek word Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndosÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ and the Latin word Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ have been the ancient names of the mighty River, Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindhÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ (i.e. Indus) respectively - and the Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindhusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ as well as India have been derived from the words Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindhÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ and Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ respectively. One of the world`s most ancient civilizations has been the Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndus Valley CivilizationÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ which came out more than 3230 BC - flourished and cherished in the Indus Valley - and when it perished, after the intrusion of the Aryan settlers - it was buried also in its nativity. Thus the Indus Valley Civilization was also native of the Indus Valley. And ergo it also derived its name from the very river, Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindh, (i.e. Indus) - whose Greek and Latin names were/are pronounced as Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndosÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ and Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - and so that ancient most civilization is remembered in the history, as Ã¢â‚¬Å“Indus Valley CivilizationÃ¢â‚¬Â - though it had the most Ã¢â‚¬ËœcontemporaryÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ features.
Its main Ã¢â‚¬ËœMausoleums,Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ the largest sites with citadels, have also been discovered in Pakistan; Ã¢â‚¬ËœMoenjo-DaroÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ on the lower Indus plain in the South at Larkana District - Ã¢â‚¬ËœChanhu DaroÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ in Nawabshah District, (in Sindh Province) - Ã¢â‚¬ËœHarappaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ on the upper Indus plain in the north, at Sahiwal (in Punjab province) Ã¢â‚¬" Ã¢â‚¬ËœShahi TumpÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ in the valley of Kej (Mekran) in the Baloch territory and Ã¢â‚¬ËœJudeiro DaroÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ in the Pathan region of Balochistan.
Now let us go back a little more in time. The intrusion of the Aryans started in waves after waves in about 3000 BC, and continued for about 1000 years - those Aryans were not a single tribe or race but they were comprised of an assortment of tribes from the Central Asia. So in first instance, those Aryans settled in the upper part of the mighty river; Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindh/IndusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ namely, Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindh ValleyÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndus ValleyÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - which were then known as Ã¢â‚¬ËœSaptasindhvaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or Ã¢â‚¬ËœSapta SindhusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ meaning, land of the seven rivers (i.e. Sutlaj, Bias, Ravi, Chenab, Jehlum, Sindh and the now extinct river Saraswati).
Celebrated writer, Bode Roy Punjabi quoting the illustrious researcher, Dr. Abinas Chandra Das writes as under, Ã¢â‚¬Å“The land in which the Vedic Aryans lived is called in Rigveda by the name of Saptasindhva or the land of seven rivers, which includes the Indus or Sindhu with its principal tributaries on the west and the saraswati on the east. The Ganges and the Yamunas have certainly been mentioned once or twice but they have not at all been included in the computation of the seven rivers that gave the country its name.Ã¢â‚¬Â
Bode Roy Punjabi writes in his book, Ã¢â‚¬ËœSaptasindhvaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ as under:
Ã¢â‚¬Å“Thus the area now forming Kashmir, the Punjab, the NWFP, Eastern Balochistan and Sind (h) was the area of Aryan SettlementÃ¢â‚¬Â.
Distinguished scholar, A.L. Bhasham writes in his famous Book, Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Wonder that was IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - Ã¢â‚¬Å“Of the two river systems that of the Indus, now mainly in Pakistan, had the earliest civilization and gave its name to India. The fertile plains of the Punjab watered by the five great tributaries of the Indus had a high culture over two thousand years before Christ, which spread down the lower course of the Indus as far as the sea.Ã¢â‚¬Â
Similar is the account of the eminent research scholar, Sri Swami Sivananda in his research work, Ã¢â‚¬ËœOrigin and Significance of the term HinduÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ in the following words:
Ã¢â‚¬Å“That part of the great Aryan race which migrated from Central Asia, through the mountain passes into India, settled first in the districts near the river Sindhu, now called the Indus, on the other side of the river. The Persians pronounced the word Sindhu as Hindu, and named their Aryan brethren Hindus. Hindu is only a corrupt form of SindhuÃ¢â‚¬Â.
So merely as a common noun from the word Ã¢â‚¬Å“Sapta SindhusÃ¢â‚¬Â and simply for the reason of their new common nativity and to denote those Aryan settlers as whole: they were first called as Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindhusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ and Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindhiÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ in some of the local and eastern languages. And exactly for the same reason and as a common noun from the word Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ they were called as Indians in most of the western languages. Thus none of those Aryans was neither Hindu nor that was possible, for Hinduism was not yet handcrafted.
Similarly the heartland of the Indus Valley Civilization, making a part of Pakistan is called even today as Sindh (i.e. Sindh Province) and its natives as Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindhiÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ because of the river Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindh/IndusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - exactly as natives of Punjab (i.e. land of five rivers) are called Punjabis, as a common noun.
Now how the erstwhile common noun Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindhusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ transmuted subsequently into the Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢- the proper noun - that implied subsequently, one pertained to Hinduism. Or to simplify this question a little more, how the then simple common noun Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindhusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ from the word Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindhÃ¢â‚¬â„¢, corrupted into Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindus,Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ the complicated noun - which turned into as a certain creed specific.
In fact the word Hindu has no link whatsoever with the subsequently developed creed, Ã¢â‚¬ËœHinduismÃ¢â‚¬â„¢. Because the emerge of the word Ã¢â‚¬ËœHinduÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ was far more ancient than the surge of the creed, Ã¢â‚¬ËœHinduismÃ¢â‚¬â„¢. And as a matter of fact the word Ã¢â‚¬ËœHinduismÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ have been coined far more later (i.e. round about after 2000 years) for the creed of the Ã¢â‚¬Ëœcaste-ruleÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ (i.e. Vern Ashram) by the western orientalists - and thus the word Ã¢â‚¬ËœHinduÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ had not been derived from Hinduism, for that could have not been done.
The word Hindu is admittedly a corruption of Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindhuÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - a native of Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindh - ValleyÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ (i.e. Indus - Valley). And today also the local natives of Sindh, in Pakistan, are called Sindhi, as a common noun from the word Sindh; the local name of the river Indus. Actually when the closest neighbors Iranians invaded the India, in about first half of the first BC millennium, they pronounced the word Ã¢â‚¬ËœSapta SindhusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ as Ã¢â‚¬ËœHaft HindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢, for in Persian language the word Ã¢â‚¬ËœhaftÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ also denotes seven - and as such the word Ã¢â‚¬ËœHaft-HindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ is the Persian corruption of Ã¢â‚¬ËœSapta SindhusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ the then name of the Sindh Valley or Indus Valley. In this way if the word Ã¢â‚¬ËœHinduÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ is admittedly the corruption of Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindhuÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - then the word Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindiÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ is obviously the corruption of Sindhi.
And this is the reasons that all Arabs even today call, all the Indian Muslims, including the Pakistanis as Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindiÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - whereas the believers of caste rule specifically as Hindus - exactly and similarly the whole world call all the natives of India as Indians but the believers of the caste rule (i.e. Hinduism) as Hindus. Even the Hindus do not and cannot dare to use the word Hindu for other than them. The meaning of Ã¢â‚¬ËœHinduÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ and Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindiÃ¢â‚¬â„¢/Ã¢â‚¬â„¢IndianÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ are so distinct right from the birth of Vern Ashram that in Arabic language the words Ã¢â‚¬ËœHinduÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindukkiÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ are used simply for the believer of Hinduism - and its plural has been Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindoosÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or Ã¢â‚¬ËœHanadicÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - whereas the plural of the word Hindi (i.e. Indian) has also been clearly distinct as Ã¢â‚¬ËœHanudÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - from the former plural.
Now let us go a little deeper. Actually after about 2000 years of the Aryans mega migration, round about in 1000 BC, with the passage of time, some of the Aryan Settlers, like other ancient idol worshipers developed a Ã¢â‚¬Ëœsculpture based cultureÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ and as such some of them first attracted to, then converted to and finally adopted that culture as a creed. So those were the circumstances, in about 1000 BC, when the metamorphosis of the Ã¢â‚¬Ëœsculpture based cultureÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ into the Vern Ashram (i.e. Caste Rule) was underway - and the newly debuted Ã¢â‚¬Ëœsculpture based creedÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ thus started rising up and swelling up in the shape of Vern Ashram. But as yet, no one had ever called that culture or creed as Hinduism - they used to use the word Ã¢â‚¬ËœVern AshramÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ (i.e. caste rule) and subsequently Ã¢â‚¬ËœSanatan DharmaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ (i.e. the Eternal Way) for the newly emerged creed, as evident from their basic most, primitive most and the sacred most, four religious books, the Rig-Veda, Yajur-Veda, Sama-Veda and the Atharva-Veda of Hindus. And it is for the reason of this most primitiveness - that they are also known as childhood of Hinduism.
Thus with the passage of further time, when some more extraordinary distinction in regard of the ethnicity as well as in beliefs, inter-se the Aryan Settlers, developed and protruded, then the common nouns, the Ã¢â‚¬ËœAryansÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ and the Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindhusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ lost its original sense and were therefore no more meaningful or conclusive, for all the Aryan Settlers did not adopt Vern Ashram (i.e. caste rule) or the sculpture based culture.
Those Aryan Settlers who adopted the sculpture based culture, as his/her creed, were called the Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ specifically as a proper noun and the rest simply the Ã¢â‚¬ËœSindhiÃ¢â‚¬â„¢/Ã¢â‚¬â„¢HindiÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ in the local as well as in the eastern languages and the Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndiansÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ in the western languages, as a common noun. So one can say that as the Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ word is the corrupted form of Sindhus - similarly the Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindus peopleÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ are the corrupted (viz converted) form of some Aryans, who adopted the Vern Ashram (i.e. caste rule) as their creed. Thereafter when the Aryans Settlers spread throughout the whole sub continent, the whole subcontinent was also emerged as Ã¢â‚¬ËœBarsagheer-HindÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ in the eastern languages and as Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndian subcontinentÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ in the western languages - and its natives as Hindis/Indians respectively - irrespective of their different religions, creeds and ethnicities, for the words Hindi/Indian simply denoted the native of Hind/India - and had nothing to do with any religion - whereas to denote believers of the Ã¢â‚¬Ëœcaste ruleÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or Ã¢â‚¬ËœVern AshramÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ the specific word Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ was/are used for them, in all the languages of the world.
Exactly as the word "Asians" implies natives of Asia, irrespective of the creed of the Asians. Even today all the natives of India are called Indians but the believers of Islam in Bharat are called the Indian Muslims, the believers of Christianity are called the Indian Christians, and the believers of Sikhism are called the Indian Sikhs and so forth: as I said earlier that Aryans were not a single tribe but were multitude of tribes and were of multi-ethnical origin - hence after the mass exodus when the difference in their credos developed with the passage of time - then the word Hindu turned as creed specific and the word Sindhi/Hindi or Indian kept its originality, as nativity specific.
Actually Hindus never had any specific name for their creed. Now we must ask the question, why the Hindus creed had been nameless right from the beginning? In fact firstly, in the beginning the Hindus creed did not come out as a regular religion - secondly, unlike all other man-made creeds, Hindus never had any founder persona, neither in the sky nor on earth, as a founder of their creed. Hence no one was there to be attributed to their creed. Conversely, the grand spiritual leaders; Gautama Buddha, Confucius, Zoroaster, Lao zi (Lao Tzu) , Nataputta Mahavira, Joseph Smith, Guru Nanak Sahib, have been the Founder Personas of Buddhism, Confucianism, Zoroastrianism, Taoism, Jainism, Mormonism, Sikhism respectively.
Actually in the start the creed Ã¢â‚¬ËœVern AshramÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ was simply a jumble of some rituals of the assorted peoples, in the shape of a culture. Subsequently and gradually it transformed into a larger blend of the available respective cultures, pertaining to the host of Aryan Settlers along with the host of the local Dravidians - which was emerged subsequently as Vedic Civilization, solely based on the Vern Ashram (i.e. the caste rule). And as such it was their native name Hindu, wherefrom the name of their creed was coined after about more than two millenniums of the surge of the creed.
A renowned Hindu scholar, Nirad C. Choudhry writes in his book, Ã¢â‚¬Å“The Continent of CirceÃ¢â‚¬Â:
"I am surprised to find how many people even among those who are well-educated think that we are Hindus because we have a religion called Hinduism and that word is comparable to `Christian` or `MuslimÃ¢â‚¬â„¢. It had no such association for the Hindus or for their neighbors in former times. This crept in when Modern European Orientalists began to study the religions of India. They found that the Hindus had no other name for the whole complex of their religious feelings, beliefs and practices except the phrase Ã¢â‚¬ËœSanatan Dharma or the Eternal Way. They did not have even a word of their own for religion in European sense; and so the Orientalists coined the word Hinduism to describe that complex of religion. Actually we Hindus are not Hindus because we follow a religion called or understood as Hinduism; our religion has been given the very imprecise label Ã¢â‚¬ËœHinduism` because it is the jumble of the creeds and rites of a people known as Hindus after their country. On this analogy the Greek religion might be called Hellenism and Graecism".
Another renowned Hindu scholar, Pundit Shiv Kishan Kaul writes in his book, Ã¢â‚¬ËœWakes up HindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢:
Ã¢â‚¬Å“The word Hinduism derived from Hindu, a Corruption of Sindhu. The Punjab in Vedic times was called Sapta Sindhu (The land of seven rivers). This was pronounced by Iranians as, Haft Hindu and so the inhabitants of the Punjab came to be called Hindus by Muslims invaders."
To tell the truth, the Indus River is exclusively a Ã¢â‚¬ËœMuslim RiverÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ (though I use this term as a phrase) -for, which has been as steadfast as a Muslim should have been. In spite of all the hurdles and the unjust divide of our owned India, this mighty, impressive and striking river after forming its identity as such has been flowing throughout in the now Muslim India (i.e. the Pakistan) - and by hinting towards the destiny it ends its journey at the Arabian Sea, in the Ocean - the Ocean which itself is not only being contributed by the former with fresh water but has also been contributed with an identity and name (i.e. the Indian Ocean) by this splendid and refined river.
The phrase I have used for the Indus River can be judged not only from its nativity but also from its originality, openheartedness, cleanliness and candidness. This superb River has also given identity to many other entities, nations and regions, so openly - and none of them has any nexus whatsoever with Hinduism. For instance,
Indian Ocean: the ocean wherein the mighty river, Indus is emptied and has been swimming therein, since the time immemorial.
Indonesia; a Muslim country comprised of nearly 13000 islands, situated in the Indian Ocean.
Indochina; the now Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam etc. - once were comprised of a peninsula called Indochina, for its inhabitants had been or considered to be the cross-breed of Indians and Chinese.
West Indies; the chain of islands, Jamaica, Barbados, Dominica etcetera - which includes about 23 entities, situated in the Caribbean Sea, to the west of the Indian Ocean - given this reason the Indonesia along with Madura and south Borneo were once called East Indies, for they were located in the southeast of the Indian Ocean.
Red Indians; the Native Americans or the aborigines, inhabiting north and South America, they are considered as the Indians who crossed the now Bering Strait (in Atlantic) through the ice-bridge in the ancient ice age of Pleistocene epoch. So the main region of those Red Indians has been given officially, the name and status of Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndiana StateÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ as the 19th state of the USA. In this regard my reliance is on the following borrowed excerpts from the world class, the world`s best selling and amazing Multimedia Encyclopedia; Ã¢â‚¬ËœENCARTA.Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ :-
Ã¢â‚¬Å“The Native Americans of North America are believed to be descendants of the Mongoloids, early hunters and gatherers who migrated from Asia to North America in waves possibly from as early as 30,000 BC. These Stone Age peoples crossed an ice-age land bridge across what is now the Bering Strait during the Pleistocene epochÃ¢â‚¬Â. Furthermore,
Ã¢â‚¬Å“Indiana entered the Union on December 1, 1816, as the 19th state. Three 19th-century US presidentsÃ¢â‚¬"William Henry Harrison, his grandson Benjamin Harrison, and Abraham LincolnÃ¢â‚¬"lived in Indiana for substantial periods. Manufacturing became the chief economic activity in the early 20th century, but at the start of the 1990s the state was also a major producer of farm commodities, especially corn, soya beans, and pigs. The stateÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s name, which refers to Native Americans (Ã¢â‚¬Å“IndiansÃ¢â‚¬Â), was coined in the 1760s and applied to a private tract of land in Pennsylvania; the name was officially adopted when Indiana Territory was formed in 1800. Indiana is known as the Ã¢â‚¬Å“Hoosier StateÃ¢â‚¬Â. Its major cities are Indianapolis (the capital), Fort Wayne, Evansville, Gary, South Bend, and HammondÃ¢â‚¬Â.
I also reproduce the opinions of the world-renowned geographer, Hecataeus (550-476) of Miletus, an ancient Greek city of Ionia, on the west coast of Asia Minor (part of modern Turkey) - and of the world-renowned historian, Herodotus (484-425 BC), considered as Ã¢â‚¬Å“father of historyÃ¢â‚¬Â - in the following borrowed words:
Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndia was the country in the neighborhood of river Indus and this was the ultimate country on the face of the earth. Beyond this lay the Ã¢â‚¬Å“Deserta IncognitaÃ¢â‚¬Â unknown desert or Ã¢â‚¬Å“MarusthaliÃ¢â‚¬Â (i.e. place of death).
It shows that the now Pakistan was India and not the now Bharat.
When it is an established fact that Hind/India have been derived from the grand river Sindh/Indus - now even in the NWFP & northern regions of Pakistan, the name of this river has been Ã¢â‚¬ËœAba Sin (viz Aba Sindh) - meaning, father of rivers - then this name is exclusively our entity and property and hence amongst other prides, this also must be our sanctity and identity, not of others who has no right whatsoever upon it - and we alone have the right to snatch it back - and rename our country as Ã¢â‚¬ËœIslamic Republic Of IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ (viz Islami Jamhoria Hind)- or Ã¢â‚¬ËœMuslim IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ to be more appropriate.
The reasons for this urge and drive are very compelling and pressing, for instance:
1.The foremost and the prime question has been that what is the nationality and what is our nationality? In my view every live nationality, in this world has two inescapable ingredients, the soul (i.e. the religion or I call it the religion nationality) and the body (i.e. the region - or I call it the regional nationality or identity or the nativity) - as these have been inevitable for a living being. The soul canÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t stay without corporeal body and a corporeal body canÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t move without soul - both have been concomitant inter se inexorably. The nationality shall be not robust if it lacks either the soul (i.e. the religion or religion nationality) or body (i.e. the region - or the regional nationality or identity). Religion has been optional, hence can be chosen and be changed any time - but nativity has been non-optional, hence can neither be picked out, nor can be replaced. This is why that after embracing Islam, the soul or nucleus of nationality of the Arabs, Persian and Turks and many others, changed forthwith - and they all became Muslims - but so far their nativities or regional identities were concerned all of them have been intact and will be intact - hence they are the Arab Muslims, the Persian Muslims, the Turks Muslims and so forth. So much so that the renowned Companions of the Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAW), Bilal (RA) has been Bilal Habshi, (RA) - (i.e. Bilal the Ethiopian, RA), Salman (RA) has been Salman Farsi (RA) - (i.e. Salman the Persian, RA), Suhaib (RA) has been Suhaib Rumi (RA) - (i.e. Suhaib the Roman, RA) - and one of the Ummahat-ul-MuÃ¢â‚¬â„¢mineen (RA), namely, Omul MuÃ¢â‚¬â„¢mineen, Maria (RA), Mother of Ibrahim (RA), the Prophet MohammadÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s son, has been Ã¢â‚¬ËœMaria QibthiyaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ (i.e. Maria the Egyptian, RA) - and Malka of Saba, (also as Sheba) AS (i.e. Sabaean Queen, AS) has been Ã¢â‚¬ËœMalka Saba,Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ AS (Queen of Saba) - even after they all embraced Islam. As such the Ã¢â‚¬ËœMuslim MillatÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or Muslim Ummah (i.e. The Muslim Grand Nation) has been composed of Arab Muslims, Persian Muslims, Turk Muslims, Chinese Muslims, Russian Muslims, Berber Muslims, Tartar Muslims and so much and so forth. And when the reference is to be made to the Ã¢â‚¬ËœMuslim Grand NationÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ Ã¢â‚¬" Ã¢â‚¬ËœMuslim MillatÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or Ã¢â‚¬ËœMuslim UmmahÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ (viz the universal Muslim Nation) - then the whole world is their Ã¢â‚¬ËœGrand NativityÃ¢â‚¬â„¢. Because Islam, QurÃ¢â‚¬â„¢an, and the last Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) has not been a race, color, ethnic, region or nation specific but has been universal from the day one - and therefore second ingredient of nationality i.e. nativity for the Muslim Grand Nation shall also be universal, namely the entire world.
Faith specific name, Muslim is common noun; inasmuch region specific name (viz geographic specific name) is proper noun for a Muslim. This is one of the edges the Muslim Nation has got over other nations, for there is no conception of Ã¢â‚¬ËœMillatÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or Ã¢â‚¬ËœUmmahÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ in Ã¢â‚¬ËœthemÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - because in Muslims the nucleus of their nationalities is the same i.e. Islam - whereas in Ã¢â‚¬ËœthemÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ both the nuclei as well as the peripheries are different.
In seeking the answer of the question my reliance is on the Holy QurÃ¢â‚¬â„¢an: Ã¢â‚¬Å“O MANKIND! LO! WE HAVE CREATED YOU FROM MALE AND FEMALE - AND HAVE MADE NATIONS - AND TRIBES THAT YE MAY KNOW ONE ANOTHER. LO! THE NOBLEST OF YOU, IN THE SIGHT OF ALLAH, IS THE BEST IN CONDUCT. LO! ALLAH IS KNOWER - AWARE.Ã¢â‚¬Â (SURAH AL-HUJURAT, 39-13).
By going through and thinking through this Holy Verse along with many others relevant to the subject - what I have gathered, as a petty student of the Holy QuraÃ¢â‚¬â„¢n there from is that in classification of the humankind the inter se distinction among the nations has been emphasized more overtly while sorting out the various nations. Ergo the following are the criterions/yardsticks for the classification of the mankind:
A- Humanity; humanity has been used as the first criterion or the yardstick to distinguish the human race from all other beings, as evident from the addressee as well as from the discloser of the commonality of their ascendant, in the Holy Verse. And as such it has been established, firstly; that as human beings we all are one and the same entity - and secondly; that human being is second to none vis-ÃƒÂ -vis other beings.
B- Loyalty to a faith; now to define and distinguish the humankind inter se, faith has been used as the second criterion or yardstick - and thus the believers of Islam has been declared as the Ã¢â‚¬Å“MuslimsÃ¢â‚¬Â - whereas the believers of Judaism are called Yehuda i.e. Jews - the believers of Christianity are called Nasara or Nazareth or Christians - and so forth were the nations of Aad, Thamud and Sab-i-een accordingly in the ancient periods.
C- Identity or Nativity; But as obvious from the day one that the humankind at variance in religions are found all over the world at variance in regions or nativities - so solely on the basis of the loyalty towards a particular religion without giving reference to the respective region or nativity, the inter se distinction could have neither been made in Muslims nor in the believers of other religions. Hence due to this reason, in the aforementioned Holy Verse as I have been referring to, the most emphasis has been given on the inter se distinction of the various nations and tribes. Now so for the tribes are concerned even in them the inter se distinction cannot be established without giving reference to the respective progenitor or nativity thereto. Hence in the same way, nations of same belief all over the world could not be distinguished without giving reference to the respective region or nativity. And thus it is for this reason that the words nations and tribes have been used in plural, in the Holy Verse, which signifies that nations as well as the tribes have been more than one. Thus to distinguish the Muslims inter se as well as the Non-Muslims, the respective religion along with the respective region (i.e. regional identity or nativity) has to be used inevitably to consolidate the definition as well as the distinction of various Muslim nations as well as the Non-Muslims all over the world, for the foremost purpose of the aforementioned Holy Revelation has been stated as Ã¢â‚¬Å“THAT YE MAY KNOW ONE ANOTHERÃ¢â‚¬Â. To stress a little more I mean to submit that neither alone a Ã¢â‚¬ËœreligionÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ could be made the sole basis for a living and a distinctive nationality - and nor alone the Ã¢â‚¬Ëœregional identityÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or nativity. And ergo both the definitions of nationality unleashed by the two most celebrated and great scholars, at the juncture of formation of this country; one on the sole basis of religion and the second on the lone basis of region (i.e. regional identity or nativity) with due respect were suffering extremely from extremism. Thus in my opinion both the religion as well as the region (i.e. nativity) has been as vital for a living and a distinctive nationality, as a nucleus and its periphery have been vital for a viable atom. And it is due to this cause that even today the people of Germany, America, United Kingdom, France, Sweden, and Russia etc are as different nations simply on account of their different nativities - as the Buddhists, Sikhs and Chinese have been, on account of their difference in religions as well as in nativities.
Now the next part of my question is what is our nationality?
1. In our case too of course Islam has been the Soul or Nucleus of our nationality and the Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndianÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ nativity or Ã¢â‚¬Ëœregional identityÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ has been the natural body or the natural periphery of our nationality. We could choose the religion of our choice, that we have done well, but we can neither choose the nativity nor substitute, for that is not a matter of choice or substitution - it is always granted - and we have been bestowed upon, the Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndianÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ nativity or Indian identity - the original most, the natural most, the ancient most, the magnificent most and the elegant most. We have been Muslims by religion and Indian by region/nativity. As such we have been Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndian MuslimsÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - as others are Arab Muslims, Persian Muslims, Turks Muslims. Chinese Muslims, Russian Muslims, Tajak Muslims, Uzbek Muslims, Kazakh Muslims, Indonesian Muslims, Maldivian Muslims, Sri-Lankan Muslims, Moroccans Muslims, Bosnian Muslims, Albanian Muslims and so on. And if all the Muslim nations, the world over have retained and have been retaining their respective nativity/identity, they have had long before embracing Islam - why we the Muslims of this subcontinent could not retain ours? Whereas in fact our nativity has been ours exclusively and has been more original and natural, as compared to others. But the funny thing has been that we were staunch and sturdy Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndian MuslimsÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ at 12.00 midnight, on August 13, 1947 and before - but a little after 12.01 AM, August 14, 1947, all of a sudden we became Pakistani Muslims - altogether a new brand and breed. And as such we stunned and shunned all the pride we had been the custodians thereto, for around one millennium. This is an unprecedented national tragedy and a comedy simultaneously.
2. Every live nationality in the world has been comprised of a nucleus (i.e. the religion) and the periphery (i.e. the identity/nativity). Hence we observe that there have been, Arab Christians, American Christens, Russian Christians, Bharati Christians and so forth.
3. The secular Turkey (or say with the feeble soul of religion) can survive easily but the most religious Chechnya and the Palestine (without the control of their respective regions) could not - or survive hardly.
4.We as Indian Muslims had no free homeland after fall of the Muslim Indian Empire and before the freedom - but yet we were a formidable nation, as Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndian MuslimsÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ and as such we had retained our identity and nationality, though we were in search of free homeland desperately. But the amusing thing is that the moment we seized a marvelous homeland - we left behind our Ã¢â‚¬Ëœreligion nationalityÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ as well as Ã¢â‚¬Ëœregional identityÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ and lost. And hence before the freedom we were in search of a homeland: but after the freedom, our homeland has been in the search of her nation. Simply because of the simulated and childish replacement of our natural nativity - and this is why, still we are bewildering in the search of identity and nationality.
5. By fabricating and calling ourselves as Pakistani Muslims, instead of Indian Muslims, we severed and cut off the root of the two-nation theory on one hand and admitted the Ã¢â‚¬ËœBharati HindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ as Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndian HindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ and the left over Muslims i.e. the Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndian MuslimsÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ as Bharati Muslims, in Bharat, on the other.
6. As Indian Muslims we had played the most dominant, commanding and vital role as an impressive nation in the world history - but simply because of the concoction and impersonation in respect of our nationality, no one knows even today, what is Pakistan and who are Pakistanis? And all the historical pride belonging to the word India was bequeathed to the stingy Hindus, our bloodthirsty archenemy.
7.The word, Pakistan had never ever been a civilization, a culture, a creed or even a city, let alone a country.
8.The word, Pakistan has no real historical meaning and had never ever been a word or entity that had been written or entered in any dictionary or encyclopedia in any part of the world.
9.All the Muslims on either side of the border admit with pride that they have been the Indian Muslims but none of them could understand to admit with pride that how they became Pakistani Muslims and the left behind Muslim brethren as Indian Muslims, hence an identity perplexes developed - and so due to the absence of natural nativity, the artificial locality has been contrived, retrieved and erected instead.
10.The word Ã¢â‚¬ËœPakistanÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ has been as alien for us as it has been for the rest of the world, hence some intentionally while others unintentionally pronounce it incorrectly - very important leaders even pronounce the Ã¢â‚¬ËœPakistanisÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ as the Ã¢â‚¬Å“PakisÃ¢â‚¬Â internationally, which is a nude slang.
11.The Bharati Hindus and the Zionists Jews in particular, because of their old roguish habits, have been mispronouncing it in a more offending way as Ã¢â‚¬Å“phukisÃ¢â‚¬Â and as such throughout the internet they have been using the slang Ã¢â‚¬Å“pakisÃ¢â‚¬Â as nickname for Pakistanis. Both the Hindus and Jews have the old genetic nexus and hence both have been the Ã¢â‚¬Ëœhigher-rankingÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ slangy twins. Hence once the Almighty Allah had to intervene when the elderly slangy Jews, by giving extra stress and strain malafidely to the word Ã¢â‚¬Å“RaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢inaÃ¢â‚¬Â (i.e. Listen to us) - while talking to the Prophet Mohammad (SAW), used to mispronounce the same as Ã¢â‚¬Å“RaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ainaÃ¢â‚¬Â which was a slang - hence the Almighty Allah commanded the believers forthwith in these words; Ã¢â‚¬Å“o ye who believe, say not (unto the prophet): Ã¢â‚¬Å“listen to usÃ¢â‚¬Â (raÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ina) but say look upon usÃ¢â‚¬Â (viz unzurna). (Surah Al-Baqarah 2-104). Thus one can gauge how much has been the offensive effect of the mispronounced words?
12.The Hindus were in a high dilemma about the name of the left over country, Bharat, at the time of partition - but it was the late Choudhry Rehmat Ali who answered their dilemma within no time on one hand and created a hitch for us on the other.
13.No one including Choudhry Rehmat Ali has/had the right to propose a name for the nation simply for entertainment and amusement - like a big Choudhry use to propose a name for the newly born baby in their outcaste, in Ã¢â‚¬ËœpindÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ (village) - they call them, Ã¢â‚¬Ëœkami kamin (i.e. base-born persons), as Ã¢â‚¬ËœnathuÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ or Ã¢â‚¬ËœkhairiÃ¢â‚¬â„¢.
14.China, Germany, Korea, Yemen and many others have been mangled for centuries but yet none of the part has ever deserted its nativity.
15.Others introduce themselves by disclosing their nationality whereas we confuse others by disclosing ours (viz Pakistanis).
16.Many in us skip even today by saying that nothing lies there in the name - and that a flower be a flower and a filth be a filth regardless of name - but it lacks any temptation for sanity to be subscribed thereto, for they do forget that it is always a certain name that sprouts the sense of the essence in the first instance - and this is why that name of a certain flower spring forth its pleasant fragrance in the first instance. A goodwill name does not come by overnight - it takes centuries and years that a goodwill name is established and recognized. And here I raise a simple question; can the names of flower and filth can be bartered inter-se?
17.The oneness of Allah Almighty is beyond doubt - but similarly His 99 names, He has preferred for Himself are also beyond question - this is enough to unfold the importance of name.
18.The Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAW) had always preferred to hide even his severe miseries but He (SAW) could not do so while He (SAW) was embarking upon the Hijrah (viz emigration) in 622 AD from Ã¢â‚¬ËœMecca the MagnificentÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ to Ã¢â‚¬ËœMedina the LuminousÃ¢â‚¬â„¢. His aching words even today can cause drooping. While leaving for Ã¢â‚¬ËœMedina the LuminousÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ He (SAW) remarked in the throbbing words: Ã¢â‚¬Å“O Mecca, I swear by Allah that you are the loveliest to me in the whole world and similar are you before Allah as well - had your natives not compelled me I would have not left you everÃ¢â‚¬Â
19.Religion has been the best rope to be tied with and to keep tight and unite a nation of course but still even a wise woodcutter never ties the bundle of the wood with a single rope, he usually apply three ropes, lest the one let loose, in the intricate journey.
20.Religion has been the greatest integrating force indeed but its fire (i.e. warmth and excitement) needs constant fanning by a very fabulous, extraordinary and legendary pious leader - who does not come into being so frequently but rather very very rarely - whereas so far nativity is concerned, it has been self fanning and self fueling all the time, like the jungle fire.
21.Religion always needs nice and virtuous people to keep them blended together - but in case of nativity, even the beasts have been the most loyal and devoted followers. You may throw away a cat for hundred times but it will never leave her native home.
22.Every living being has been granted with two legs at least, no one, if normal has ever been seen as a single footed, for no one can stay at a single foot, like a Hindu jogi (i.e. Hindu ascetic) for longer - so how a nation could stay on a single foot for so longer, particularly when the nation has been surrounded by, with a little exception (i.e. of China, Sri Lanka) - the evil most neighbors, which have been pushing the nation right from the very beginning. So this was one of the reasons due to which our country was dismembered by the over time pushing neighbor, the bulky and Brahman Bharat, which herself has been fastened foxily, simply with the rope of Ã¢â‚¬ËœnativityÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ we left behind.
23.It was the region and not the religion who outfitted the poor Vietnamese to fight for 10 long years against the ruthless US Empire and put down their 30 million human heads, 15 % of its total population in the ordeal of Vietnam War.
24.Two nations at variance in religion can live with peace, provided none of them breaches the region of the other e.g. Egypt & Israel, Pakistan & China - Iran & Bharat - Bangladesh & Bharat - but they canÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t live in peace if any one of them breaches the region of the other, despite the similarity in their religions - e.g. Turkey & Kurds - Iran & Kurds Ã¢â‚¬" Iraq & Kurds.
25.Religion has been but not always a strong source of convergence - some time it become the source of divergence, when it falls in the hands of illiterate fanatics, hence a nation must be always kept tied with the second rope viz nativity too, for none can leak out there from.
26.Muslims clerics have been successful to split up the Muslims nationhood even within a country by sowing the seeds of petty religious discrepancies amongst them - but has not been successful thus far to split up the nativity. For instance: Iranians Muslims have been bisected insofar as their religion (given the myth of Sunni & Shiite sects) is concerned - but none, including the vocal clerics have thus far been successful to move them a little from their nativity - the regional identity viz Iran. Thus they may be divergent in terms of outfits but convergent in terms of nativity. The same dismal is the case of nearly every Muslim state.
27.To re-catch, reclaim the image and maintain the lineage with the past glory it is the only way out to rename our country with reference to the context.
Now the mind haunting question, I know is; how I exclude the Hindus from the Indian nativity?
The reasons are so many but to cut short, I submit a few:
They have never ever named their country India before, even before the Christ and before Ashoka the Great.
Even today they believe the Indian Subcontinent as Ã¢â‚¬ËœBhartavarshaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ right from the demise of their Rajah Bharata, far more before the Christ, so they must not be bashful to follow their belief.
In their constitution their official name has been Bharat, right from the beginning and never India so they must not feel embarrassed to follow their constitution.
The English translation for Bharat has never been India so they have no right to play with the syntax of an international language.
If they like antiquity then they should replace their country name by the oldest one viz Ã¢â‚¬ËœJambu DvipaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢.
The name Ã¢â‚¬Å“HindustanÃ¢â‚¬Â is purely a Persian word and the name Ã¢â‚¬Å“IndiaÃ¢â‚¬Â is purely its English version - and none of them has anything to do with Sanskrit at least - the suffix Ã¢â‚¬Å“stanÃ¢â‚¬Â has always been used exclusively by Muslims as suffix with the names of Muslim countries, e.g. Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Daghistan, Kirghizistan, Afghanistan and hence were used by Muslims as well their rulers in the case of India during the 1000 years Muslim rule.
The same is the case of so many Provinces in Muslim countries: Balochistan, Waziristan, Tabristan Gharjistan, Khozistan, Arministan, Nooristan, Sajistan etc. Whereas both, the original name Ã¢â‚¬Å“BharataÃ¢â‚¬Â and its corruption the now Ã¢â‚¬Å“BharatÃ¢â‚¬Â have had its origin from Sanskrit.
They have neither any share in, nor any regard for the river Sindh/Indus - rather they have been jealous and envious towards it, hence they have no right to get share and regard there from.
Their own Hindu and the most sacred rivers have been Ã¢â‚¬ËœBrahmaputraÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ (son of Brahma in Sanskrit) - (or Yarlung Zangbo) & her son rivers, the Ganges and Yamunas; hence they should borrow a name there from, if they like their own rivers.
Hindus have been 99% in Nepal but they have never claimed the name India, for they know that they or their creed have no connection whatsoever, with the India or Indian nativity - and they have been proud of their own nativity namely, Ã¢â‚¬ËœNepaleseÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ - which further cements the fact that Hindus, have nothing to do with the word India. (The End)
1-Ã¢â‚¬ËœTafheem-ul-QurÃ¢â‚¬â„¢anÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Maulana Sayyed Abul Aala Maududi
2- Ã¢â‚¬ËœTadabur-ul-QurÃ¢â‚¬â„¢anÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Maulana Amin Ahsan Islahi
3- Tarjumamul-QurÃ¢â‚¬â„¢an by Maulana Azad
4- Ã¢â‚¬ËœMassla QoumiyatÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Maulana Sayyed Abul Aala Maududi
5- Ã¢â‚¬ËœKharavela and His TimesÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by C.R. Mishra
6-Ã¢â‚¬ËœFreedom at MidnightÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by co-authors, Mr. Larry Collins & Mr. Dominique Lapierre
7- Ã¢â‚¬ËœSaptasindhvaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Bode Roy Punjabi
8-Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Wonder that was IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by A.L. Bhasham
9-Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Continent of CirceÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Nirad C. Choudhry
10- Ã¢â‚¬ËœWakes up HindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Pundit Shiv Kishan Kaul
11-Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndian Muslims - A political HistoryÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Ram Gopal
12-Ã¢â‚¬ËœEvolution of NWFPÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Rai Bahadur DIWAN CHAND OBHRAI
13-Ã¢â‚¬ËœDimension of Pakistan MovementÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Professor Mohammad Munawar
14-Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Emergence of PakistanÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Choudhry Mohammad Ali
15-Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndia wins FreedomÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Maulana Azad
16- Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Indian MusalmansÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by W. W. Hunter
17-Ã¢â‚¬ËœPathway to PakistanÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Choudhry Qaliquzzaman
18-Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Muslim Community of the Indo-Pakistan SubcontinentÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Ishtiaq Qureshi
19- Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Great DivedÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by HV Hodson
20- Ã¢â‚¬ËœAncient IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by RC Dutt
21- Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Meaning of PakistanÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Sheikh Mohammad Ashraf
22- Ã¢â‚¬ËœQuaid-i-Azam Jinnah -The Story of a NationÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by G. Allana
23- Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindu Ã¢â‚¬" Muslim QuestionÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Beni Prasad
24- Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Muslim of British IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by P. Hardy
25- Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Indus SagaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Aitzaz Ahsan
26- Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe sacred writings of the world great religionsÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ selected & edited by S. E. Frost, Jr., B.D, Ph.D.
27- Ã¢â‚¬ËœNaqoosh-e-IqbalÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Maulana Sayyed Abul Hassan Ali Nadvi
28-Ã¢â‚¬ËœA study of HistoryÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Arnold J. Toynbee
29-Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Oxford History of IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by V A Smith
30-Ã¢â‚¬ËœHistory of the Ancient WorldÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Dr.F Korovkin
31- Ã¢â‚¬ËœEarly India & Pakistan to AshokaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Sir Mortimor Wheeler
32-Ã¢â‚¬ËœAncient PakistanÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Professor Ahmad Hassan Dani
33- Ã¢â‚¬ËœTarikh -e- Pak -wa- HindÃ¢â‚¬â„¢, published by Talimi Adara Urdu Bazaar Lahore
34- Ã¢â‚¬ËœMuhsan-e-InsaniyatÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Naeem Sadiqee
35-Ã¢â‚¬ËœSirat Sarwar-e-AalamÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Maulana Sayyed Abul Aala Maududi
36-Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Muslim Dilemma in IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by, M.R.A. Baig
37-Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Hindu-Muslim QuestionÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Professor Beni Prasad
38- Ã¢â‚¬ËœMuslim Separation in IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Dr. Abdul Hamid
39-Ã¢â‚¬ËœQuaid-i-Azam Jinnah: The Story of a NationÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by G. Allana
40- Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe meaning of PakistanÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by F.K Khan Durrani
41-Ã¢â‚¬ËœLast Years of British IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Michael Edward
42-Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Menace of Hindu ImperialismÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Swamy Dharma Theerathaji Mahraj
43-Ã¢â‚¬ËœKnow the Hindus, Jews of the SubcontinentÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Mian Amin-ud-Di44Hindustan on the Cross Roads by Professor Balraj Madhok
44-Ã¢â‚¬ËœCaste & OutcasteÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by J E Sanjana
45- Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Muslims of British IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by P. Hardy
46- Ã¢â‚¬ËœQuaid-i-Azam As I knew HimÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by M.A.H. Ispahani
47-Ã¢â‚¬ËœHistory of the Freedom Movement in IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Dr. Tara Chand
48- Ã¢â‚¬ËœInside CongressÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Swami Shardhananda
49-Ã¢â‚¬ËœLoin Cloth-Laid BareÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by P.K. Dutt
50-Ã¢â‚¬ËœMother IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Katherine Mayo
51- Ã¢â‚¬ËœMy Country and My RulersÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by V.K Kulkarni
52-Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Sikh Demand Their HomelandÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Sadhu Swarup Singh
53-Ã¢â‚¬ËœA Warning to the HindusÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Savitri Devi
54- Ã¢â‚¬ËœHistorical Role of IslamÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by M.N. Roy
55-Ã¢â‚¬ËœHindustan on the Cross RoadsÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Professor Balraj Madhok.
56- Ã¢â‚¬ËœModern Muslim India and the Birth of PakistanÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by S M Ikram.
57-Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndia, a wounded CivilizationÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by V S Naipaul.
58-Ã¢â‚¬ËœNationalities in India PoliticsÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by M S Variranpillai.
59-Ã¢â‚¬ËœIndia Ã¢â‚¬" a RestatementÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Sir Coupland Reginald.
60- Ã¢â‚¬ËœThe Story of CivilizationÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Will Durant.
61-Ã¢â‚¬ËœVerdict on IndiaÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ by Beverly Nichols.