Indian establishment has pooh-poohed the ultimatum issued on August 5 by Foreign Minister of Pakistan Shah Mehmood Qureshi [to Saudi Arabia (SaAr), which leads rather controls the ‘Organization of Islamic Cooperation’, the OIC] that if SaAr does not immediately summon the meeting of Foreign Ministers of OIC members to address the issue of Kashmir (in view of what India did on and after August 5, 2019) then Pakistan will call this meeting of Muslim countries (with or without OIC), who are willing to address Kashmir issue as reported at https://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/pak-foreign-minister-qureshi-pushes-oic-to-convene-meeting-on-kashmir/story-KnvZkeUDhqeOhorSKtaI4I.html . This naivety of India is not surprising and is due to three reasons: -
(i)- India is taking this Pak-ultimatum merely as highly unlikely loss forever to SaAr (of Pakistan the second largest Muslim country and the only nuclear power of the Muslim World) because of immense financial dependence of Pakistan on SaAr. Moreover India is dangerously (for its security) taking lightly the threat by Pakistan to form said another bloc of Muslim States though now it seems possible with Malaysia, Turkey, Qatar, Afghanistan, Iran etc willing to form a new Muslim block (not only for Kashmir but also for extremely emotional issue for Muslims, of Palestine against Israel) by taking in it the nuclear and militarily strong Pakistan (reportedly providing security even to the palaces and holy sites of Mecca & Medina in SaAr).
(ii)- India is not trying to understand that in Kashmir dispute there are not merely three parties namely governments of India & Pakistan and the people of united-J&K but there is fourth party also the Islam, which (in popular perception) has reportedly ‘sacrificed’ the lives of at-least one hundred thousand Muslims for Kashmir as mentioned also at https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/11/forgotten-massacre-ignited-kashmir-dispute-171106144526930.html (including militant-Jihadis not merely from J&K and Pakistan but from other Muslim countries too). Therefore even if Pakistan government wants to forget Kashmir, Islam will not allow the theocratic Islamic State of Pakistan to do it which came in existence by partitioning India in 1947 on the basis of religion and even now communal divide / paranoia is the main pillar on which Pakistan (specially its all powerful military) rests.
(iii)- The lack of commitment to secularism and federalism (on the part of Hindu India, the majority led by Congress Party) were the main factors responsible for partition of India in 1947 and India is still following suicidal communal politics (despite being secular constitutionally, but only on paper) which is reflected in what India did in Kashmir through lockdown and arrest of political activists on and after August 5, 2019 and what India has been doing since 1992 and did on August 5, 2020 through inauguration ceremony of construction of Ram Mandir at Ayodhya as mentioned at http://www.pakistanchristianpost.com/opinion-details/3641 . But India is not realizing that due to this communal politics of India, now the China factor has brought India on the verge of another dismemberment through Pakistan if India does not wake-up.
If India does not want another dismemberment of the motherland then should keep in mind the following:-
(1)- China is intelligent enough to know that (i)- India is allying with the USA to harm Chinese interests (as it sees these) through Quad and resistance to CPEC (ii)- After August 5, 2019 it will be impossible for Pakistan to avoid Kashmir issue and if left to Pakistan to handle the Kashmir issue then it may damage Pakistan hugely (due to Indo-US strategic partnership) which will damage CPEC seriously (including Gwadar port project, which all in and under Pakistan have now become question of life & death for China).
(2)- Hence China has taken the command of Kashmir project of Pakistan and as a result China not only raised Kashmir issue many times in UN and in its forum after August 5, 2019 but also intruded in Indian territory and is refusing to restore status-quo-ante of April 2020 in Eastern Ladakh. Moreover China has made Pakistan to issue on August 4 the new political maps of Pakistan. Though India has adopted an ostrich approach towards it but despite Indian denial, inclusion of Junagarh in the new political map of Pakistan is the most important & serious development for Indo-Pak-China relations. Pak has done it by keeping China in view hence Pak has left Ladakh border with China unmarked. Now Pak can say if India does not agree to a plebiscite solution of united-J&K then why should Pakistan agree to a plebiscite solution of Junagarh. Moreover during the Doklam crisis in 2017 China said that if India can come to help Bhutan against China then China can also agree to help Pakistan militarily in Pak claimed territories.
(3)- This new political map of Pakistan has two implications (i)- Now after showing entire united-J&K as Pak territory in new map, Pakistan can ask China to militarily help Pakistan in getting plebiscite in united J&K (if not in the retrieval of its territory from India) which will bring tremendous pressure on India from international community for plebiscite in united-J&K which presently communal India is afraid of carrying out (ii)- During military conflict Pakistan can ask China (like Doklam) to help Pakistan in Junagarh for which Pakistan can facilitate entry of Chinese navy in port region of Junagarh (having Somnath in it) which is part of the State of Gujarat (PM Modi's native State) which shares border with Pakistan hence Junagarh matter will be strategically & tactically hugely advantageous to Pakistan.
(4)- The new Muslim block as threatened by Pakistan though will not bring boots of other Muslim countries on ground in favor of Pakistan in Kashmir (it will maximum bring some Jihadis from other Muslim countries but for that new Muslim block is not required) but it will certainly go a long way in keeping US-boots on ground away in India’s favor in J&K for the simple reason that the USA will not like to be seen as a country working against the human rights (of millions of Muslim Kashmiris) which are so brazenly and for so long being denied to them by communal policies of Hindu majority India.
Therefore in view of - (chances of another Muslim block and inclusion of Junagarh in new political map of Pakistan and China taking active rather assertive interest in Kashmir issue for the benefit of Pakistan) - if India wants to avoid another dismemberment of motherland then should immediately do the following:-
(A)- First and foremost India should not expect any military help from the USA (except some sweet noises and may be some sale of crucial military material to India which will help Trump in his Presidential election). In other words India should formulate its J&K (and even China) policies by going alone as the present USA is not interested to practice Americanism as mentioned at http://www.pakistanchristianpost.com/opinion-details/3640
(B)- In order to neutralize Pakistan (and pro-Pakistan Muslim countries) India should adopt genuine secularism by filing petition and working (a)- For restoration of status-quo-ante of Babri Masjid (b)- For plebiscite in united - J&K as mandated by the ‘Instrument of Accession’ and (c )- For dual citizenship (by keeping in mind that the last word on India’s partition is yet to be written) one for India and other for Pakistan or Bangladesh for about 160 million Hindus and Muslims (~ 80 million Hindus and same for Muslims) who were displaced during partition through illegal population transfer which is the main cause of communally poisoning entire Indian subcontinent [about 20 % of their population (Hindus) from each of Pakistan and Bangladesh were expelled whereas Muslims remain same rather increased little to about 14 % in India not to talk of tens of millions of Muslim illegal immigrants in India mainly from Bangladesh].
( C)- In order to neutralize China (as unlike border dispute with Pakistan which is political the border dispute with China is legal), India should ask UN to decide Indo-China border dispute through ‘UN Judicial commission’, (which as a permanent member of UN, China can’t refuse) and declare that (in view of Chinese complicity in Corona - pandemic) India no more believes in one China policy and simultaneously India should work (as per laws of the USA) for realizing the legislation (H.R. 6948 introduced by Congressman Scott Perry , on May 19 ) to the US House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs , to recognize the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China as a separate, independent country.
(D)- These are the best way of solving the Kashmir problem without shedding a drop of blood. But in case China and Pakistan insist on shedding blood for J&K then India should not unnecessarily become over-sensitive rather may go for strategic retreat because the independence of Tibet will ultimately take care of China and once China is thus humbled & disciplined then the inflated balloon of Pakistan will hardly take any time to puncture.
It is hoped that the establishment of India will come out of British-India mindset (which trifurcated India in 1947) and instead will endeavor to ensure that India is not further dismembered and for that will immediately do the above mentioned.