Amnesty International slams Indian anti-terror law
19 Dec 2008
NEW DELHI: December 19, 2008. Amnesty International on Friday slammed India’s new anti-terror legislation to beef up police powers in the wake of the Mumbai attacks, saying it violates international human rights treaties.
The London-based human rights group called on India’s president not to approve the legislation, which would double the number of days police can detain terror suspects before filing charges, from 90 days to 180, as well as boost their powers to conduct searches.
Both houses of India’s Parliament passed the bill this week, following last month’s attacks on Mumbai by suspected Islamic terrorists that killed 164 people. It now needs President Pratibha Patil’s approval before becoming law.
‘While we utterly condemn the attacks and recognise that the Indian authorities have a right and duty to take effective measures to ensure the security of the population, security concerns should never be used to jeopardise people’s human rights,’ Madhu Malhotra, Asia Pacific Program Deputy Director at Amnesty International, said in a statement.
The government’s top law enforcement official, Home Minister Palaniappan Chidambaram, defended the bill in Parliament on Wednesday as providing an ‘adequate balance’ between ‘the demands of human rights and the people of India for strong anti-terror laws.’
The anti-terror bill, which was sent to Parliament along with a bill to create an FBI-style national investigation agency, was meant to beef up the powers of India’s police and judicial system to combat terrorists.
But Amnesty said the process was hasty and would likely undermine the rule of law and violate international human rights treaties. It did not specify the treaties.
In particular, Amnesty raised concerns about the sweeping definition of terrorism, extending the detention of suspects by up to 180 days, denying bail to foreigners who enter the country illegally, and the requirements, in certain circumstances, for the accused to prove their innocence.
It also condemned giving courts the right to close proceedings to the public.
Communist opposition parties had called for changes to the bill, fearing human rights abuses, but ultimately voted in favour.
‘To detain a person for up to 180 days will be an infringement of his human rights. We are against it,’ Basudeb Acharia, a senior leader of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) told The Associated Press.
Despite Chidambaram’s assurances, the government has long resisted introducing a tougher anti-terror law since repealing a law written by the Hindu nationalist BJP after coming to power in 2004, saying it was draconian and would unfairly target India’s large Muslim minority.
‘India’s experience with previous anti-terrorism laws has shown that they can lead to abusive practices,’ Amnesty said.