Pneumonia: a disease for all ages. CNS

Image

World Pneumonia Day is observed on 12 November every year since 2009 to bring awareness to this leading killer of children below 5 years of age. An editorial in this month’s International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IJTLD) highlights that pneumonia is a lung disease that affects not only children but people of all ages. Authors Dr Stephen Graham of The Union and Prof Guy B Marks, IJTLD Editor-in-Chief for Lung Disease, write that “pneumonia has been an important cause of death for centuries”.
Among people of all ages, lower respiratory infections cause 3.2 million deaths each year and are rated as the third leading cause of death, after ischaemic heart disease and stroke, according to the World Health Organization. In 2011 an estimated It is estimated that in 2011 out of the 120 million children were ill with pneumonia and 1.3 million of them succumbed to the disease.
Developments that help or hinder management of pneumonia have an impact on both children and adults. For example:
Pneumococcal vaccine for children is to be rolled out by GAVI (Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations) in many high-burden countries by 2015. This is likely to reduce hospitalizations and deaths due to child pneumonia. This vaccine may also benefit adults aged >65 years.
Antibiotics used to treat pneumonia can be given at community-care level. However, it is essential to reduce unnecessary and inappropriate antibiotic use for acute upper respiratory tract infections, as it is creating problems of drug resistance, especially in Asian settings.
Hypoxia is an important cause of death in both adult and child pneumonia, and yet mechanisms to detect and manage it are still scarce in high-burden settings.
Although affordable interventions for pneumonia are readily available, the challenge is to identify the most cost-effective ones within national settings and scale them up to reach those who need them most.
José Luis Castro, Interim Executive Director of The International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union) has rightly remarked that, “World Pneumonia Day plays an important role in building public awareness that a treatable disease has devastating consequences for young children, the aged, the poor and other vulnerable populations. Today we call on governments and other stakeholders to ensure that systems are put in place to prevent these needless deaths”.

You May Also Like

Image

Indian Muslims & their leaders shedding crocodile tears for Gyanvapi Masjid. By Hem Raj Jain

The concern shown by the AIMIM President Owaisi about protecting Gyanvapi Masjid is not genuine. Indian Muslims (as I mentioned umpteen times in na

Image

Can Myanmar-Bangladesh’s military ties stabilize the region? parvej siddique bhuiyan

Myanmar-Bangladesh’s military ties can stabilize the whole regions of South and Southeast Asia.  power shift in Myanmar and the sub

Image

ISPR underestimating Imran‘s grudge of losing power because Lt Gen Faiz was not ISI Chief to provide money trails etc to opposition MNAs. By Hem Raj Jain

Imran must be repenting why he caved-in to Army Chief Gen Bajwa and why he didn’t listen to Bushra Begum who in 2021(as reported widely in me

"Trial of Pakistani Christian Nation" By Nazir S Bhatti

On demand of our readers, I have decided to release E-Book version of "Trial of Pakistani Christian Nation" on website of PCP which can also be viewed on website of Pakistan Christian Congress www.pakistanchristiancongress.org . You can read chapter wise by clicking tab on left handside of PDF format of E-Book.

nazirbhattipcc@aol.com , pakistanchristianpost@yahoo.com