Kashmiri leaders should understand. Not so much 35-A rather Article 370 has meaning when about half of J&K is still with Pakistan, By Hem Raj Jain

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Kashmiri leaders should take advantage (of the wish of the USA to stabilize Afghanistan) by working for Greater-India (from Myanmar to Afghanistan) which will solve the chronic & gory Kashmir problem too. 

God only knows what has happened to Indian Muslims. The Muslims could have saved secularism merely by filing a petition in Supreme Court of India (SCI) for restoration of legally expected status-quo-ante of Babri Masjid which was demolished in 1992 in presence of the observer of SCI but they didn’t do it, out of un-Islamic cowardice. Now the SCI in an unbecoming way is not deciding writ petitions about repeal (on August 5, 2019) of Article 370 and 35-A and about downgrading the State of J&K into two Union Territories etc (which are questions of life & death and have caused unprecedented suffering to the people of J&K). Hence the leaders of Muslim majority J&K (instead of meeting PM about Vidhansabha elections by taking a lame excuse that ‘they don’t want to put the people at the mercy of bureaucrats’) could have easily saved rule-of-law by using justified pressure-tactic by saying that they will meet PM only after SCI decides these writ petitions. But they succumbed to the lure of power. Now at-least they  should work for Kashmir solution,

After a meeting of all the political parties of J&K on June 24 with Prime Minister Modi, the Kashmiri leaders talked about Article 370 of the Constitution of India (some hopefully and some nostalgically). On August 5, 2019 Modi government repealed through Parliament the Article 370 along with Article 35-A (which protects the land and jobs of the J&K for the people of J&K, but such constitutional provisions are there for some other States too). The Government of India (GoI) also bifurcated the State of J&K into two Union Territories (UT) of J&K and Ladakh (India could do it because India is presently not a Federal system hence GoI could do it despite warning given by some opposition leaders that if it is allowed then GoI can convert any State of India into UT by giving similar specious arguments). Though GoI later said that it will restore the Statehood of these UTs at appropriate time. But Modi will not restore Article 370 because the repeal of Article 370 has brought handsome electoral dividends to BJP and if Modi restores it then it will hugely damage BJP, electorally because Article 370 is a reminder to India that the accession of J&K to India is not final unless there is plebiscite as mandated by IoA. 

About J&K one thing should be clear that practically every one (including & especially Pakistan) has been talking about plebiscite in united J&K as per UN resolution of 1948 which India has consistently countered by saying that as per UN resolution Pakistan was supposed to vacate Pak Occupied Kashmir (PoK) and Gilgit & Baltistan (G&B) which it didn’t do, hence India could not carry out plebiscite in J&K. This is an absurd and legally objectionable argument by India which surprisingly has been condoned even by the people of J&K (including Kashmiris). Since August 5, 2019 the people of J&K (especially  Muslims) must have come to know the ground reality that (despite meaningless noises of government of Pakistan including PM Imran Khan at UN and at other national & international forums) Pakistan is not going to take any military action or other effective action (like peace-march of people of PoK & G&B to Kashmir) against India. Moreover China (which Kashmiris tried to approach as per former Chief Minister of J&K Dr. Farooq Abdullah) is also not going to help separatist Kashmiris, militarily for getting away from India or for Kashmir solution. Therefore Kashmiri leaders should adopt a pragmatic approach and should try to solve the chronic & gory Kashmir problem as given below by realizing that there is no soft & easy option available to Kashmiris in this matter:-

(1)-  The relevant part of ‘Instrument of Accession’ (IoA) of J&K to India ( https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/kasmount.htm ) reads as “ Consistently with their policy that in the case of any State where the issue of accession has been the subject of dispute, the question of accession should be decided in accordance with the wishes of the people of the State, it is my Government's wish that as soon as law and order have been restored in Kashmir and her soil cleared of the invader the question of the State's accession should be settled by a reference to the people. Yours Sincerely Sd/- Mountbatten of Burma]”. This raises one interesting & disturbing question that if about half of J&K after 74 years is still with Pakistan (and some with China through Pakistan) then why the then Maharaja of J&K brought J&K to India through this IoA.  

(2)- The people of J&K (especially Kashmiris) never understood that the former ruler of J&K, Maharaja Hari Singh and even the Government of India, have no right to decide about the accession of J&K, as is evident from IoA. This right of accession lies exclusively with the people of united J&K (J&K and PoK and G&B combined). As per IoA, the people of J&K have nothing to do even with United Nations rather it is the responsibility of India to get plebiscite by getting the soil of United J&K cleared of Pak invaders (including non-citizens of united J&K) and after getting law and order restored in united J&K. How India does it is India’s headache whether by its own or through the UN or by getting military help from any friendly country.

(3)- But Kashmiris never pressed for such plebiscite through writ petitions in J&K High Court and Supreme Court of India though I asked them repeatedly through national and international media (including Kashmir media, the ‘Wadi ki awaz’ ) as given at https://www.pakistanchristianpost.com/opinion-details/3438   and

https://www.afternoonvoice.com/kashmiris-should-act-as-iron-is-hot-due-to-parliamentary-elections.html . But now Kashmiri leaders can easily do it because presently the USA is leaving Afghanistan where the USA is facing a huge ethical crisis. The USA along with its allies (including NATO) has been in Afghanistan (post 9/11) for the last 20 years but despite its best efforts it is leaving Afghanistan in the hands of Taliban which is not a promising scenario for the people of Afghanistan (especially about their human rights). India could have easily helped the USA in establishing human-rights-friendly Afghanistan (through Greater-India) but India is an over-smart country and doesn’t commit its military for bringing peace in the region (even when it is needed in the vital interests of India).

(4)-  Kashmiri leaders can take the lead to realize this Greater-India which will address the grievances of Pashtuns, Balochs, Sindhis, Kashmiris, Rohingyas, millions of Bangladeshi illegal immigrants in India, Myanmarese under military rule etc.  Leader of the J&K, the only Muslim majority State of India , will easily be able to win the support & trust of Muslim majority Afghanistan. Because no political party was coming forward [to peacefully solve the disputes with China & Pakistan and to recover huge State-capital of Rs about 1,000 Trillion (Income tax) which will strengthen & improve the Indian economy and its military infrastructure] hence I suggested that the military veterans of India should launch their political party for this purpose, as mentioned at:-

https://chauthiduniya.com/military-veterans-should-think-seriously-before-expecting-their-children-to-unnecessarily-offer-blood-lives-for-irresponsible-corrupt-civilians/  . But now the Kashmiri leaders through their political parties can also do it and for this the Kashmiris first of all should  immediately file writ petition in J&K High Court for declaring that J&K is not an integral part of India as per IoA and for other related remedies as mentioned at -  https://www.pakistanchristianpost.com/opinion-details/3316 (5)- Kashmiri leaders can easily mobilize world community (the USA sponsored UN) for the following because India was a member of the UN since 1945 and all these happened after 1945 (i)- For plebiscite not only in united - JK but also in Balochistan (who’s IoA was taken by Pakistan under military pressure despite contrary resolution by Parliament / Jirga of Balochistan) (ii)- For providing ‘dual-citizenship’ for about 80 million (about 20 % of present population of Pakistan and Bangladesh) forcibly displaced and descendants of such forcibly displaced Hindus / Sikhs because there was no provision of population transfer in ‘Indian Independence Act 1947’. And to further ensure (under military pressure) proper law & order in present Pakistan & Bangladesh for these Hindus (Punjabis, Bengalis and Sindhis) who will go over there (after dual-citizenship) in their motherland as their citizens either for living over there or for touring or for doing business over there or for purchasing properties over there (similarly for Muslims who were forcibly displaced from India)

(6)- Kashmiri leaders also said that "India should also start engagement with Pakistan as they did to stop ceasefire violations". There is no harm for India (rather advisable before going to world-community) in talking to Pakistan if it agrees for plebiscite in united-J&K and Balochistan (by vacating these regions) and for said dual-citizenship. If only Western part of said Greater India is considered then Kashmiri leaders must be knowing that out of about 480 million only about 25 % the 120 million Muslims are in Pakistani Punjab whereas about 75 % the 360 million Muslims live [in India including united-J&K (where Indian Muslims will support it because it will increase the percentage of Muslims in Greater-India), Afghanistan (which will get access to Arabian-Sea and consolidation of Pashtuns of KPK etc in Greater-India) and rest of Pakistan] where the overwhelming majority of these 360 millions will welcome Greater-India.

The USA knows if Kashmiri leaders try (through said plebiscites & ‘dual citizenships) to achieve Greater India and the recovery of Rs 1,000 Trillion State-capital then Afghanistan (as a member of SAARC) will happily join such Greater-India (as a precursor to SAARC) and nothing will gladden more the hearts of the leader of the free world the USA than Afghanistan becoming a member of “Secular-Democratic-Federal-Socialist-Hindi Rashtra” with attendant full cooperation from the USA for realizing such Greater-India. It is hoped that Kashmiri leaders will play a historical role in bringing peace, prosperity and justice to Indian subcontinent, as mentioned above (through Greater-India), which will automatically solve the chronic & gory Kashmir problem too.

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